Surviving the Funding Slump:
by Dynell A. Garron
Advice from a Grantmaker
Whether operating on a shoestring budget or one that includes a substantial
endowment, nonprofits are feeling the effects of a funding slump. The
downturn in the economy has affected every conceivable funding source --
government, individuals, corporations and foundations. As such, nonprofits
are scrambling to submit more funding applications - at a time when many
grantmakers are reducing their giving programs.
- Keep fundraising. Continue to make your presence known to prospective
corporations and foundations. Be aware of being "out of sight, out of mind."
- Narrow your focus. Send requests only to current funders and those whose
funding interests match your organization's mission. With reduced budgets,
funders cannot afford to support programs outside of their priority areas.
Demonstrate your agency's value by speaking to funders' needs. Before you
pick up a phone or a pen, be able to articulate how your program will help a
funder accomplish his or her goals.
- Tailor each request to the funder's new giving capabilities. Assume
changes have occurred in giving budgets, program areas, or both. Check
corporate and foundation Web sites for updates before preparing a request.
- Use the "FYI" method. Keep your agency in front of prospective and
current funders with brief email updates and newsletters. Share good news or
a recent success that will be of interest to the funder. Plant seeds of
success and look for a harvest down the road.
- Manage the relationship. Even if your agency is cut from a funder's
portfolio, it does not preclude you from receiving future grants. Remain
positive and stay in touch.
- Learn from each "No." If your request is turned down, find out why.
Determine if the decline is temporary or permanent. If you are encouraged to
reapply at a later date, do so. If not, file the decline letter and move on.
- Build organizational effectiveness. Use this time to do critical work
within your organization. For example, when was the last time you looked at
your strategic plan? What are your agency's competitive advantages? How
would you rate your agency in terms of relevance to community, credibility,
track record of success and documenting measurable outcomes? If there is
room for improvement, address it now.
- Be prepared to take advantage of unforeseen opportunities. Have a
compelling thirty second introduction prepared and well-rehearsed. Be ready
to quickly turn around an effective Letter of Inquiry (LOI). The LOI is to
grant seeking what the resume is to a job search -- a critical first step.
It must compel a funder to request a full proposal. You may download my
analysis of an LOI at online.
- Be even more critical of your proposals. In addition to meeting a
funder's needs, your materials must convey that your agency is capable of
delivering on a promise, is well run and is addressing a significant
- Adjust your expectations. In the past, your goals may have been to
increase the size of grants from current funders and to attract new funders.
Now, realistic goals may be to continue receiving the same size grants from
current funders and to simply make your presence known to future funding
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About the Author:
Dynell Garron is a former Director of Gap Foundation. Her book, The Funder's
Checklist: An Inside Look at How Funders Evaluate Proposals and Nonprofit
Organizations, walks nonprofits though the assessment process used by
grantmakers nationwide. The Funder's Checklist is being used at the Hass
Center for Public Service at Stanford University.
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